Ian Church
Philosophy & Religion

Ian M. Church

Assistant Professor of Philosophy
Philosophy develops critical thinking skills – giving us the tools to competently reason through complex, pressing issues and helping us understand the mechanics of an argument.
— Dr. Ian Church

Faculty Information

Additional Faculty Information for Ian M. Church


B.A., Ball State University, 2005

M.Litt., St. Andrews-Stirling Joint Programme, 2008

Ph.D., St. Andrews-Stirling Joint Programme, 2012


University of St. Andrews PhD Teaching Prize, 1st Place (2011)

University of St. Andrews PhD Teaching Prize, 2nd Place (2010)

James Gregory Scholarship (2009)

University of St. Andrews/University of Stirling Graduate Funding (2008-2010)

Ball State Alumni Legacy Scholarship (2004)


Co-PI (with Duncan Pritchard) on the Intellectual Humility Massive Open Online Course project at the Eidyn Centre at the University of Edinburgh.


The Aristotelian Society

The American Philosophical Association

The Society of Christian Philosophers

Selected Publications

Intellectual Humility: An Introduction to the Philosophy and Science [co-authored with Peter L. Samuelson], Bloomsbury Academic, 2017.

The Routledge Handbook of the Philosophy and Psychology of Luck, [co-edited with Bob Hartman], Routledge, 2019.

Intellectual Humility, Testimony, and Epistemic Injustice. The Philosophy of Humility (Routledge), edited by Mark Alfano, Michael P Lynch, and Alessandra Tanesini. Forthcoming.

Humility in Positive and Personality Psychology [with Peter Samuelson]. An invited chapter for The Philosophy of Humility (Routledge), edited by Mark Alfano, Michael P Lynch, and Alessandra Tanesini. Forthcoming.

Luck and the Gettier Problem. The Routledge Handbook of Theories of Luck, edited by Ian M. Church and Bob Hartman, 2019.

Intellectual Humility and Religious Belief. Journal of Psychology and Theology, Vol. 46(4), (2018): 219-242.

Is God Hidden, Or Does God Simply Not Exist? An invited chapter for Philosophy, Science and Religion for Everyone (with Routledge), edited by Duncan Pritchard and Mark Harris, 2017.

The Limitations of the Limitations-Owning Account of Intellectual Humility. Philosophia, 2017.

Intellectual Humility [with Justin Barrett]. An invited chapter for the Routledge Handbook of Humility, edited by Everett L. Worthington Jr., Don E. Davis, and Joshua N. Hook, 2016.

On Epistemic Consequentialism and the Virtue Conflation Problem [with J. Adam Carter], Thought, 2016.

A Doxastic Account of Intellectual Humility. An invited contribution to a special edition of Logos & Episteme entitled Virtue Epistemology, Epistemic Dependence, and Intellectual Humility, edited by Duncan Pritchard, J. Kallestrup & J. Adam Carter, 2016.

50 Years of Gettier: A New Direction in Religious Epistemology? The Journal of Analytic Theology, Vol. 3, (2015): 147-171.

Implicit Theories of Intellectual Virtues and Vices: A Focus on Intellectual Humility [with Justin L. Barrett, Sam Hardy, Matthew Jarvinen, Thomas Paulus, and Peter L. Samuelson], The Journal of Positive Psychology, Vol. 10 (5), (2014): 389-406.

When Cognition Turns Vicious: Heuristics and Biases in Light of Virtue Epistemology [with Peter L. Samuelson], Philosophical Psychology, Vol 28 (8), (2014): 1095-1113.

Should Cognitive Science of Religion Give Atheists Epistemic Assurance? On Beer-Goggles, BFFs, and Skepticism Regarding Religious Beliefs [with Justin L. Barrett], The Monist, Vol. 96(3), (2013): 311–324.

Manifest Failure Failure: The Gettier Problem Revived. Philosophia, Vol. 41(1), (2013): 171–177.

Getting ‘Lucky’ with Gettier. The European Journal of Philosophy, Vol. 21(1), (2013): 37–49.


Philosophy is good for people. It develops critical thinking skills – giving us the tools to competently reason through complex, pressing issues and helping us understand the mechanics of an argument. It helps us know ourselves – highlighting our presuppositions, helping us to aptly and congenially express, defend, and revise our views, and enabling us to address life’s ‘big questions’. It helps us understand others – teaching us to show consideration for and learn from diversity and helping us discern and assess the dizzying array of arguments and suppositions that bombard us in our everyday lives. And, frankly, philosophy is good for people because it is fun – offering a wide range of intrinsically interesting puzzles, paradoxes, and conundrums. My goal as a philosophy teacher is to confer these benefits to students.

I am a highly active philosopher who is strongly committed to teaching; indeed, I believe teaching is an essential part of research. In 2010, my work earned me the University of St. Andrews Ph.D. Teaching Prize, second place – awarding me with the opportunity to give an honorary lecture on my research at the University of St. Andrews Philosophy Society. And in 2011, my work earned me the University of St. Andrews Ph.D. Teaching Prize, first place – affording me a monetary award and the opportunity to teach an honors-level course entirely of my own design in the Spring of 2012.

My areas of specialization are epistemology and philosophy of psychology, but I am also able to teach general philosophy of science, ethics, philosophy of religion, logic, the history of analytic philosophy, and early modern philosophy at all undergraduate levels. I am a teaching enthusiast, and it is a pleasure to also teach Hillsdale’s Western Philosophical Tradition course

Starting in August of 2016, I joined Hillsdale College as an Assistant Professor of Philosophy. I am the Principal Investigator on the “Problem of Evil and Experimental Philosophy of Religion” project (generously funded by the John Templeton Foundation). I finished my Ph.D. in the St. Andrews-Stirling Joint Programme in Philosophy in 2012. My dissertation focused on virtue epistemology and the analysis of knowledge, and my current research includes work on intellectual virtues, the Gettier Problem, epistemic luck, fallibilism,disagreement, the interface between epistemology and ethics, non-reductive models of knowledge, intuitions, religious epistemology, philosophy of psychology, and cognitive science. My hobbies include chess, travel, literature, ichthyology, and LEGOs (thanks to my kids).

My wife and I have been married for 14 years and have four children.